Our People

A native of Ennis, Co. Clare, Prof. Gearóid ÓLaighin graduated with a B.E. degree (first class honours) in Electrical Engineering from University College Cork in 1980. In 1982 he obtained the M.Eng.Sc. degree from UCC for thesis work carried out at the National Microelectronics Research Centre. He was awarded the Ph.D. degree at the National University of Ireland, Galway in 2000. The title of his Ph.D. thesis was: Dynamic Correction of Hemiplegic Drop Foot using Functional Electrical Stimulation. Prof. Ó Laighin has a range of industrial experience including periods when he worked in United States as a Product Engineer of high-speed static RAMS at Integrated Device Technology, Inc., Salinas, California from 1985 to 1987 and as a Design Engineer of Complex Logic Products at Integrated Device Technology, Inc., Santa Clara, California from 1987 to 1990. Prior to his appointment as Professor of Electronic Engineering at the National University of Ireland, Galway, Prof. ÓLaighin was a Senior Lecturer in Electronic Engineering and Assistant Dean, Research for the College of Informatics and Electronics at the University of Limerick. He was also founding Director of the Biomedical Electronics Laboratory at UL. Prof. ÓLaighin is a Fellow of Engineers Ireland, a Fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology (FIET) and Senior Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (SMIEEE). Prof. ÓLaighin is a Fulbright Scholar and a member of the Irish Fulbright Alumni Association. He is a referee for several biomedical engineering journals and a member of the Editorial Board of Medical Engineering and Physics. 
Research Interests
His research interests include Rehabilitation Engineering Science and Vascular Electronics. To date he has co-authored >40 peer-reviewed international biomedical engineering journal papers. He has supervised/co-supervised 10 PhD students and 8 research masters students.
Leader of the Bioelectronics Research Cluster in National Centre for Biomedical Engineering Science (NCBES)

Key Publications
Selected Journal Publications
(publications during Prof.  Ó Laighin's tenure in UL use the English version of his name G.M. Lyons)

Broderick B.J., O'Brian D.E., Breen P.P., Kearns, S.R., Ó Laighin G. A pilot evaluation of a neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) based methodology for the prevention of venous stasis during bed rest. Medical Engineering & Physics: 2010 article in press

Corley G.J., Broderick B.J., Nestor S.M., Breen P.P., Grace P.A., Quontdamatteo F., O Laighin G. The Anatomy and Physiology of the Venous Foot Pump. The Anatomical Record: 2010, 293(3): pp:370-378:

Godfrey A, Conway R, Leonard M. Meagher D, Ó Laighin G. Motion analysis in delirium:  A discrete approach in determining physical activity for the purpose of delirium motoric subtyping.  Medical Engineering & Physics: 2010 32(2): 101-110

Godfrey A, Conway R, Leonard M, Meagher D, Olaighin G. A classification system for delirium subtyping with the use of a commercial mobility monitor. Gait Posture. 2009 Aug;30(2):245-52.

Godfrey A, Conway R, Leonard M, Meagher D, Olaighin G. A Continuous Wavelet Transform and Classification Method for Delirium Motoric Subtyping. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2009 Jun;17(3):298-307. 

Breen PP, Corley GJ, O'Keeffe DT, Conway R, ÓLaighin G. A programmable and portable NMES device for drop foot correction and blood flow assist applications. Med Eng Phys. 2009 Apr;31(3):400-8. 

O'Donovan KJ, Bourke AK, O'Keeffe DT, ÓLaighin G. The application of inertial and magnetic sensors to the monitoring of calf muscle pump activity. Med Eng Phys. 2009 Jan;31(1):55-60.  

Godfrey A, Conway R, Meagher D, ÓLaighin G. Direct measurement of human movement by accelerometry. Med Eng Phys. 2008;30(10):1364-1386. 
Most downloaded article from Medical Engineering & Physics archive October to December 2008.

Noury N, Rumeau P, Bourke AK, ÓLaighin G, Lundy JE. A proposal for the classification and evaluation of fall detectors. IRBM. 2008;29:340-9.

Bourke AK, O'Donovan KJ, ÓLaighin G. The identification of vertical velocity profiles using an inertial sensor to investigate pre-impact detection of falls. Med Eng Phys. 2008 Sep;30(7):937-46. 
Top 25 downloaded articles from Medical Engineering & Physics archive July to September 2008.

Broderick BJ, Breen PP, ÓLaighin G. Electronic stimulators for surface neural prostehesis. J Autom Control. 2008;18(2):25-33.

Bourke AK, Lyons GM. A threshold-based fall-detection algorithm using a bi-axial gyroscope sensor. Med Eng Phys. 2008 Jan;30(1)-90. 
Top 25 downloaded articles from Medical Engineering & Physics archive April to June 2008.

O'Donovan KJ, Kamnik R, O'Keeffe DT, Lyons GM. An inertial and magnetic sensor based technique for joint angle measurement. J Biomech. 2007;40(12):2604-11. 

Deegan BM, O'Connor M, Lyons D, ÓLaighin G. Development and evaluation of new blood pressure and heart rate signal analysis techniques to assess orthostatic hypotension and its subtypes. Physiol Meas. 2007 Nov;28(11):N87-102.

Leonard M, Godfrey A, Silberhorn M, Conroy M, Donnelly S, Meagher D, ÓLaighin G. Motion Analysis in Delirium: A Novel Method of Clarifying Motoric Subtypes. Neurocase. 2007 Aug;13(4):272-7.

Deegan BM, O'Connor M, Donnelly T, Carew S, Costelloe A, Sheehy T, ÓLaighin G, Lyons D. Orthostatic hypotension: a new classification system. Europace. 2007 Oct;9(10):937-41. 

Godfrey A, Culhane KM, Lyons GM. Comparison of the performance of the activPAL Professional physical activity logger to a discrete accelerometer-based activity monitor. Med Eng Phys. 2007 Oct;29(8):930-4. 

Byrne CA, O'Keeffe DT, Donnelly AE, Lyons GM. Effect of walking speed changes on tibialis anterior EMG during healthy gait for FES envelope design in drop foot correction. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2007 Oct;17(5):605-16. 

Furey K, Conway R, O'Keeffe D, Lyons GM. The application of a use case/task based approach in the development of software for a portable neuromuscular stimulator device. Med Eng Phys. 2007 Sep;29(7):765-74. 

Bourke AK, O'Brien JV, Lyons GM. Evaluation of a threshold-based tri-axial accelerometer fall detection algorithm. Gait Posture. 2007 Jul;26(2):194-9. 

Ní Scanaill C, Carew S, Barralon P, Noury N, Lyons D, Lyons GM. A review of approaches to mobility telemonitoring of the elderly in their living environment. Ann Biomed Eng. 2006 Apr;34(4):547-63. 

Clarke-Moloney M, Godfrey A, O'Connor V, Meagher H, Burke PE, Kavanagh EG, Grace PA, Lyons GM. Mobility in patients with venous leg ulceration. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2007 Apr;33(4):488-93. 

Kamel Boulos MN, Rocha A, Martins A, Escriche Vicente M, Bolz A, Feld R, Tchoudovski I, Braecklein M, Nelson J, Ó Laighin G, Sdogati C, Cesaroni F, Antomarini M, Jobes A, Kinirons M. CAALYX: a new generation of location-based services in healthcare. Int J Health Geographics 2007;6(9):1-5.

Moloney MC, Lyons GM, Egan M, Wallis F, Burke PE, Kavanagh E, Grace PA. Does size matter? The impact of calf muscle volume on venous return in patients with venous leg ulcers. Phlebology. 2007;22(2):65-9.

Clarke-Moloney M, Lyons GM, Breen P, Burke PE, Grace PA. Haemodynamic study examining the response of venous blood flow to electrical stimulation of the gastrocnemius muscle in patients with chronic venous disease. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2006;31(3):300-5. 

Breen PP, O'Keeffe DT, Conway R, Lyons GM. A system for the delivery of programmable, adaptive stimulation intensity envelopes for drop foot correction applications. Med Eng Phys. 2006;28(2):177-86. 

O'Dwyer SB, O'Keeffe DT, Coote S, Lyons GM. An electrode configuration technique using an electrode matrix arrangement for FES-based upper arm rehabilitation systems. Med Eng Phys 2006;28(2):166-76. 

Ní Scanaill C, Aherne B, Lyons GM. Long-term telemonitoring of mobility trends of elderly people using SMS messaging. IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed. 2006;10(2):412-3.

O'Donovan KJ, Bajd T, Grace PA, O'Keeffe DT, Lyons GM. Preliminary evaluation of recommended airline exercises for optimal calf muscle pump activity. EJVES Extra. 2006;12:1-5.

Arshak A, Arshak KI, Morris D, Jafer E, Korostynska O, Lyons GM, Waldron D. A review of digestible microsystems for gastrointestinal tract diagnostic applications. Crit Rev Biomed Eng. 2006;34(2):163-86.

Culhane KM, O'Connor M, Lyons D, Lyons GM. Accelerometers in rehabilitation medicine for older adults. Age Ageing. 2005;34(6):556-60.

Clarke-Moloney M, Lyons GM, Burke P, Grace PA.  A review of technological approaches to venous ulceration. Crit Rev Biomed Eng. 2005;33(6):511-56.

Byrne CA, Lyons GM, Donnelly AE, O'Keeffe DT, Hermens H, Nene A. Rectus femoris surface myoelectric signal cross-talk during static contractions. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2005;15(6):564-75.

Shahid S, Walker J, Lyons GM, Byrne CA, Nene A. Application of higher order statistics techniques to EMG signals to characterize the motor unit action potential. IEEE Transaction in Biomedical Engineering 2005;52(7):1195-209.

Anderson R, Harrison AJ, Lyons GM. Accelerometry-based ipsactive biofeedback to improve kinematic consistency and performance in rowing. Sports Biomech. 2005;4(2):179-95.

O'Donovan KJ, O'Keeffe DT, Grace PA, Lyons GM. Accelerometer based calf muscle pump activity monitoring. Med Eng Phys. 2005;27(8):717-22. 

Lyons, GM, Culhane KM, Hilton D, Grace PA, Lyons D. A description of an accelerometer-based mobility monitoring technique. Med Eng Phys. 2005;27(6):497-504. 

Arshak A, Arshak K, Waldron D, Morris D, Korostynska O, Jafer E, Lyons GM. Review of the potential of a wireless MEMS and TFT microsystems for the measurement of pressure in the GI tract. Med Eng Phys. 2005;27(5):347-56.

Bussmann JBJ, Culhane KM, Horemans HLD, Lyons GM, Stam HJ. Validity of the Prosthetic Activity Monitor to assess the amount and spatio-temporal characteristics of prosthetic walking. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2004;12(4):379-86.

Lyons, GM, Leane GE, Clarke-Moloney M, O'Brien JV, Grace PA. An investigation of the effect of electrode size and electrode location on comfort during stimulation of the gastrocnemius muscle. Med Eng Phys. 2004;26(10):873-8.

Arshak K, Jafer E, Lyons G, Morris D, Korostynska O. A review of low-power wireless sensor Microsystems for biomedical capsule diagnosis. Microelectronics International. 2004;21(3):8-19.

O'Halloran T, Haugland M, Lyons GM, Sinkjær T. An investigation of the effect of modifying stimulation profile shape on the loading response phase of gait, during fes-corrected drop foot. Neuromodulation. 2004;7(2):113-25.

Culhane KM, Lyons GM, Hilton D, Grace PA, Lyons D. Long-term mobility monitoring of the elderly using accelerometers in a clinical environment. Clin Rehabil. 2004;18(3):335-43.

O'Halloran T, Haugland M, Lyons GM, Sinkjær T. Modified implanted drop foot stimulator system with gprahical user interface for customised stimulation pulse-width profiles. Med Biol Eng Comp. 2003;41(6):701-9.

O'Keeffe DT, Donnelly AE, Lyons GM. The development of a potential optimized stimulation intensity envelope for drop foot applications. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2003;11(3):249-56.

Mansfield A, Lyons GM. The use of accelerometry to detect heel contact events for use as a sensor in FES assisted walking. Med. Eng. Phys. 2003;25:879-85.

Lyons GM, Sinkjaer T, Burridge JH, Wilcox DJ. A review of portable FES-based neural orthoses for the correction of drop foot. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2002;10(4):260-79.

Lyons GM, Leane GE, Grace PA. The effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) of the calf muscle on venous velocity in the lower leg of healthy subjects. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2002;23(6):564-6.

O'Keeffe DT, Lyons GM. A versatile drop foot stimulator  research applications. Med Eng Phys. 2002;24(3):237-42.

O'Keeffe DT, Lyons GM, Donnelly AE, Byrne CA. Stimulus artifact removal using a software based two-stage peak detection algorithm. J Neurosci Meth. 2001;109(2):137-45.

Anderson R, Lyons GM. Data logging technology in ambulatory medical instrumentation ? a review. Physiol Meas. 2001;22(2):R1-13.

Sweeney PC, Lyons GM, Veltink PH. Finite state control of FES for the rehabilitation of gait. Med Biol Eng Comp. 2000;38(2):121-6.